The national interest has been mired in a long-running controversy about whether to make maths compulsory for high school students.
In August last year, the Supreme Court issued an order that the matter be decided in the next session of Parliament.
The Supreme Court has now moved the matter up to the National Assembly, where it is likely to be discussed.
The debate has seen a range of parties including the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, the Congress, the Rashtriya Janat Party, and the Bharatiyas, all calling for compulsory education in mathematics.
But the main political parties, the BJP and the Samajwadi Party, have opposed the move and said that the issue should be decided by the central government.
If the debate continues, it would mean that the government would have to decide on whether to give preference to those states that have decided to have compulsory education for all students or not.
This debate has been taking place in the backdrop of the National Science Day on September 3.
Math teachers in states where the issue of compulsory education has been debated have been complaining that they are facing a crisis of supply of teachers and are struggling to find qualified candidates.
Many teachers in the country, including in the states where compulsory education is being debated, have lost their jobs because of the shortage of qualified teachers.
There are about 15,000 maths teachers in India, according to the latest statistics from the Ministry of Personnel, Training and Development (MPT).
The shortage has been blamed on the government’s push to give priority to the teaching of mathematics and related subjects in the curriculum.
Last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced that the state-level education minister would have a say on whether the compulsory education should be made compulsory for students in the secondary and post-secondary schools.
Modi has also been pushing the government to introduce compulsory education on the grounds that it would help in boosting the skills of the nation’s youth.
However, many experts in the field of mathematics have argued that a compulsory education will only benefit those who have already learnt to solve problems.
Some of these experts have also raised concerns about the impact of the compulsory math requirement on children in the poorest families.
“The demand is to make the education compulsory but we need to look at the impact that it will have on children who have less access to maths and the impact on them in the future,” said Mathuram Khera, former director general of the Mathematics Research Institute of India (MRI), who is also the president of the Institute of Mathematics Education.
Mr Kheras view is that it is the parents who should decide on the quality of education for their children, and he is opposed to the move to make compulsory education compulsory for the entire student body.
It is not just a matter of quality but also of cost, Mr Kherasar told The Indian Express.
His view is shared by the chairman of the Board of Governors of the Karnataka Mathematics Academy, the State Math Society of India, a national body, which has been opposing the move.
Mr Khatras argument is that the school curriculum should not be dependent on the availability of teachers.
He says that the quality and quantity of teachers should be a major determinant of the quality or quantity of mathematics taught.
He also says that there is a difference between the quality that mathematics teachers teach and the quality which the students learn.
On the other hand, he also believes that the education of students in primary and secondary schools is the best way to improve the education system in India.
Even though the government has already decided to make it compulsory for all children in all schools in the national curriculum, he says the issue needs to be considered on a case-by-case basis.